Periyar Tiger Reserve
Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) along with adjoining protected areas form the largest tiger conservation landscape in Southern most Western Ghats, extending over an extent of 4078 sq kms in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It has a long history of conservation since 1934. The Periyar Tiger Reserve is managed under two Divisions, namely, Periyar East and West Divisions. The visitors point is at Thekkady in the East Division. It spreads across three Revenue Districts viz; Idukki, Pathanamthitta and Kottayam in the
State of Kerala. The Protected area comprises of Periyar Lake Reserve, Mount Plateau RF, Rattendon Valley RF, Ranni RF and Gudrikkal RF.
Kerala’s first tiger reserve, Periyar is not only known for scenic boat rides in Periyar lake but also for plentiful wildlife. Though established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1950, it was declared a tiger reserve in 1978.
It is nestled in the southern region of the Western Ghats covering 777 sq km forest area. This reserve hosts 35 Royal Bengal tigers, according to a tiger census (2017) in Periyar.
The boat ride and bamboo rafting on the Periyar lake provide unique opportunities to watch the wildlife in the forest. In the Southern region, Periyar is one of the prominent reserves to see tigers in India.
It is also a renowned elephant reserve. Besides tigers and elephants, you can also spot Nilgiri tahr, lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur and gaur (Indian bison).
Area of the Tiger Reserve
Core/Critical Tiger Habitat : 881 sq km
Buffer : 44 sq km
Total : 925 sq km
Latitudes : 9 0 17’ 56.04” and 9 0 37” 10.2” N
Longitudes : 76 0 56’ 12.12” and 77 0 25’ 5.52” E